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:: year 11, Issue 44 (9-2020) ::
2020, 11(44): 183-210 Back to browse issues page
The Phenomenology of the Experience of Experts and Novice Managers in the Oil Industry to Identify Their Cognitive Differences
Maryam Sadat Akhbari Dorcheh, Hamid Reza Oreyzi Samani 1, Hosein Eskandari, Hamid Bidram
1- , dr.oreyzi@edu.ui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (689 Views)
This study aimed to identify the cognitive differences between expert and novice managers in the performance of their main tasks by examining their perspectives and experiences. To do so, two four-people groups of experts and novice managers, from two subsidiaries of National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company were selected. A task analysis interview was conducted for every participant and the data was encoded by Crandall, Klein, and Hoffman’s (2006) guideline and the two groups were compared together. The results revealed various cognitive differences between the two groups. Most importantly, expert managers considered probabilities, obtained the approval of others for their decisions, and paid attention to the importance of workforce. These cognitive differences can help organizations hire qualified managers, identify weaknesses in the performance of managers, and train managers.
Keywords: cognitive task analysis, naturalistic decision-making, expert managers, novice managers  
Full-Text [PDF 2153 kb]   (185 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/07/27 | Accepted: 2019/10/28 | Published: 2020/04/25
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Akhbari Dorcheh M S, Oreyzi Samani H R, Eskandari H, Bidram H. The Phenomenology of the Experience of Experts and Novice Managers in the Oil Industry to Identify Their Cognitive Differences. Human Resource Management in Oil Industry. 2020; 11 (44) :183-210
URL: http://iieshrm.ir/article-1-926-en.html


year 11, Issue 44 (9-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مدیریت منابع انسانی در صنعت نفت Human Resource Management in The Oil Industry
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